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Infant abusive head trauma incidence in Queensland, Australia
  1. Melissa Kaltner1,2,
  2. Justin Kenardy1,
  3. Robyne Le Brocque1,
  4. Andrew Page3
  1. 1Centre of National Research on Disability and Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Queensland, Toowoomba, Queensland, Australia
  2. 2Queensland Health, Toowoomba Hospital, Toowoomba, Queensland, Australia
  3. 3School of Population Health, University of Queensland, Herston, Queensland, Australia
  1. Correspondence to Dr Melissa Kaltner, Box 2, Toowoomba, Queensland 4350, Australia; melissa_kaltner{at}


This study describes the incidence of head injuries caused by abuse in an Australian infant sample. The frequency of abusive head trauma established by the study is comparable with that reported both internationally and for age-incidence peaks of alternate forms of childhood injury, highlighting the need for investment in prevention initiatives.

  • Abusive head trauma
  • shaken baby syndrome
  • brain injuries
  • child abuse
  • injury diagnosis
  • traumatic brain injury
  • child abuse
  • methodology
  • epidemiology
  • mechanism
  • suicide/self harm
  • outcome of injury
  • health disparities

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  • Funding In-kind funding for this project provided by the Royal Children's Hospital Foundation, Brisbane. Funding Principal Investigator's position.

  • Competing interests None.

  • Ethics approval The ethics approval was provided by Queensland Health; University of Queensland HRECS.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data sharing statement Unpublished data from this study is available to the principal researcher only under the associated human research ethics committee's approved research protocol.