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Fall and fall-related injury studies among older aboriginal people in Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the USA: a systematic review
  1. V Scott1,2,
  2. S Metcalfe1,
  3. Y Yassin2
  1. 1University of British Columbia (BC), Vancouver, BC, Canada
  2. 2BC Injury Research and Prevention Unit, Vancouver, BC, Canada


    Background Little is known about the scope or nature of falls or fall prevention among older Aboriginal/Indigenous people.

    Aims/Objectives/Purpose To identify peer-reviewed literature with epidemiology and prevention evidence on the topic of falls and fall-related injury among older Aboriginal people in Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the United States.

    Methods A key word search of relevant databases was conducted using combinations of terminology for accidental falls and a comprehensive list of terms for Aboriginal status specific to each country. Each study was independently reviewed by two reviewers against the inclusion criteria with discrepancies determined by a third.

    Results/Outcome 34 publications met the review criteria; United States=14; Australia=8; Canada=7; New Zealand=3; international=2. Most are morbidity (14)/mortality (6) reports or reviews (5), with very little on fall prevention.

    Significance/Contribution to the Field The findings bring greater awareness to the seriousness of the issue and point to areas of urgent need for future research.

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