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Building capacity of drivers in Nigeria to provide first aid for road crash victims


This paper presents the effect of first aid training on the first aid knowledge and skills of university drivers. The intervention group (n=98) received training on first aid and controls (n=78) received training on HIV/AIDS. First aid knowledge and skills were measured at baseline, immediately after the training and 4 months post-intervention. Changes in knowledge and skills were assessed using repeated measures analysis of variance. Knowledge scores were 51.2±14.8%, 59.6±12.8% and 57.6±12.8% (p>0.05) for intervention drivers versus 51.6±11.6%, 53.2±12.0% and 56.4±12.4% (p>0.05) in controls. The skill scores for intervention drivers were 49.2±14.2%, 78.3±12.9% and 77.5±11.7% (p<0.05) versus 37.7±12.4%, 40.4±16.3% and 41.7±12.1% (p>0.05) for controls. Four months after intervention, >75% of the 13 intervention drivers who came across a crash had used the skills acquired. The intervention improved the first aid skills of intervention drivers. In view of the reduction in scores by the fourth month post-intervention, periodic refresher training is recommended to sustain the skills acquired.

  • Drivers
  • first aid knowledge
  • first aid skills
  • first aid training
  • public health
  • motor vehicle occupant
  • community research
  • adolescent
  • community

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