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Building capacity of drivers in Nigeria to provide first aid for road crash victims
  1. Adesola O Sangowawa1,
  2. Eme T Owoaje2
  1. 1Institute of Child Health, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria
  2. 2Department of Community Medicine, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria
  1. Correspondence to Dr Adesola Oluwafunmilola Sangowawa, Institute of Child Health, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, University College Hospital, PMB 5116, Ibadan, Oyo State, 200001 Nigeria; daisyolu{at}


This paper presents the effect of first aid training on the first aid knowledge and skills of university drivers. The intervention group (n=98) received training on first aid and controls (n=78) received training on HIV/AIDS. First aid knowledge and skills were measured at baseline, immediately after the training and 4 months post-intervention. Changes in knowledge and skills were assessed using repeated measures analysis of variance. Knowledge scores were 51.2±14.8%, 59.6±12.8% and 57.6±12.8% (p>0.05) for intervention drivers versus 51.6±11.6%, 53.2±12.0% and 56.4±12.4% (p>0.05) in controls. The skill scores for intervention drivers were 49.2±14.2%, 78.3±12.9% and 77.5±11.7% (p<0.05) versus 37.7±12.4%, 40.4±16.3% and 41.7±12.1% (p>0.05) for controls. Four months after intervention, >75% of the 13 intervention drivers who came across a crash had used the skills acquired. The intervention improved the first aid skills of intervention drivers. In view of the reduction in scores by the fourth month post-intervention, periodic refresher training is recommended to sustain the skills acquired.

  • Drivers
  • first aid knowledge
  • first aid skills
  • first aid training
  • public health
  • motor vehicle occupant
  • community research
  • adolescent
  • community

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  • Funding This research was supported by a contribution from The World Bank's Global Road Safety Facility and the Global Forum for Health Research through their grant facility to the Road Traffic Injuries Research Network (number of agreement RTIRNWB-004i).

  • Competing interests None.

  • Ethics approval This study was approved by the University of Ibadan/University College Hospital Ethics Committee, Nigeria.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data sharing statement The instrument used in this study has been made available by the authors as an online supplementary file. The training curriculum used would be made available on request.