Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Emergency department screening for risk for post-traumatic stress disorder among injured children
  1. W L Ward-Begnoche1,
  2. M E Aitken1,
  3. R Liggin1,
  4. S H Mullins1,
  5. N Kassam-Adams2,
  6. A Marks2,
  7. F K Winston2
  1. 1Department of Pediatrics, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, College of Medicine and Arkansas Children’s Hospital, Little Rock, Arkansas, USA
  2. 2Center for Injury Research and Prevention, The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
  3. 3Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia
  1. Correspondence to:
 Dr Wendy L Ward-Begnoche
 UAMS Department of Pediatrics, 800 Marshall Street, Slot 512-21, Little Rock, AR 72202-3591, USA; wardbegnochewendyl{at}


Objective: To discuss the successes and challenges associated with the implementation of a post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) screening tool in two pediatric emergency departments (ED).

Methods: The STEPP screening tool has been developed previously on an inpatient population of motor vehicle trauma patients. It was applied here to the general ED population at two different pediatric trauma centers. Nurse screeners were trained and a convenience sample of patients with unintentional injuries who met study criteria were screened in the ED. Feedback from nurse screeners was obtained.

Results: The process of implementing a screening tool to identify patients and their families significantly at risk for PTSD symptomatology presented some barriers, but overall acceptability of the process was high for both the emergency department staff and the patient. Recommendations for others considering implementation of screening programs in the ED are offered.

Conclusions: Future research using screening protocols in the ED should, in their design, attempt to capitalize on the successes identified in the current protocol and circumvent barriers also encountered.

  • post-traumatic stress
  • emergency care
  • screening

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.