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Evaluation of a policy to reduce youth tractor crashes on public roads
  1. B Marlenga1,
  2. B C Doty1,
  3. R L Berg2,
  4. J G Linneman2
  1. 1National Children’s Center for Rural and Agricultural Health and Safety, Marshfield Clinic Research Foundation, Marshfield, WI, USA
  2. 2Department of Biostatistics, Marshfield Clinic Research Foundation, Marshfield, WI, USA
  1. Correspondence to:
 Dr B Marlenga
 National Children’s Center for Rural and Agricultural Health and Safety, 1000 North Oak Avenue, Marshfield, WI 54449, USA; marlenga.barbara{at}


Objective: Evaluate the effectiveness of a United States state law, Wisconsin Act 455, in reducing highway tractor crashes involving youth operators.

Design: Policy outcome evaluation involving review of a retrospective case series.

Setting: Youth highway tractor crashes from Wisconsin for the years 1994–2003 that resulted in a fatality, injury, and/or property damage.

Subjects: One hundred and forty six tractor crash cases involving operators younger than 16 years.

Methods: Describe and model the tractor crash patterns before and after enactment of the law, and examine the relation between the contributing circumstances identified in the crash reports and the content covered in the mandated tractor certification course.

Results: There was neither a significant change in the number of youth tractor crashes after the law was passed, nor any reduction in the proportion of crashes where the youth operator was designated at fault. The tractor certification course did not cover the major factors contributing to youth tractor crashes on public roads.

Conclusions: No significant effect of the law was detected and crash rates at the end of the study period were similar to those before Wisconsin Act 455. The authors’ findings should not be construed to suggest that public policy, in general, is an ineffective strategy for the prevention of pediatric agricultural injuries. Negotiating a balance in public policy debates will be a challenge, but it is clear that future policy initiatives need to identify and implement the right policy for the right problem.

  • Act 455, Wisconsin Act 455
  • ROPS, rollover protection structures
  • tractors
  • farm children
  • public policy

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  • Competing interests: none.