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The emergency department approach to violently injured patient care: a regional survey
  1. D L Wilkinson1,
  2. E M Kurtz1,
  3. P Lane2,*,
  4. J A Fein3
  1. 1Department of Criminal Justice, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA, USA
  2. 2Departments of Emergency Medicine, Albert Einstein Medical Center and Thomas Jefferson University Medical College
  3. 3Departments of Pediatrics and Emergency Medicine, The University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine and The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA, USA
  1. Correspondence to:
 Dr D L Wilkinson
 Department of Criminal Justice, Temple University, 1115 W Berks Street (025-02), Philadelphia, PA 19122, USA;


Objective: Since the early 1990s public health workers have challenged healthcare practitioners to take an active role in violence prevention with patients aged 10–24 years. Emergency department (ED) clinicians are uniquely positioned to identify, assess, and refer youth involved in violent events. The objective of this study was to describe ED directors’ estimate of the number of violently injured youth seen, the presence of established protocols or guidelines for handling youth violence, and the type of training programs offered to ED physicians regarding this issue.

Methods: The authors conducted a survey of EDs (n = 64) in the Philadelphia metropolitan region to determine the standard of ED care for violently injured youths. Half of the EDs were in urban areas and half in suburban.

Results: A total of 41 out of 64 (64.1%) ED directors completed and returned the written questionnaire. In addition to treating the specific injuries sustained, ED responses to youth violence primarily involved talking with patients about the events surrounding the injury. The estimated number of violently injured youth seen per month varied considerably. Twenty four directors (58.5%) estimated that their institution treated fewer than 10 per month; 10 (24.4%) reported 11–30, and seven (17.1%) mostly large urban hospitals, saw more than 30 per month. Although most hospitals reported that the staff counsels patients about safety concerns, only 17% offered their staff formal training programs on youth violence.

Conclusions: To address the prevention of youth violence, EDs need specific training programs for ED staff, as well as systematic risk assessment and referral resources for structured intervention and follow up.

  • ED, emergency department
  • youth violence
  • intentional injury
  • risk assessment
  • prevention
  • training

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  • * Dr Lane died before this work was published.

  • The authors gratefully acknowledge funding support from the William Penn Foundation and data collection assistance from Kristan Ware and Brannon Ottley.

  • The authors have no competing interests to declare related to this publication.