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It might work in Oklahoma but will it work in Oakhampton? Context and implementation in the effectiveness literature on domestic smoke detectors
  1. L Arai2,
  2. K Roen1,
  3. H Roberts2,
  4. J Popay1
  1. 1Institute for Health Research, University of Lancaster, Lancaster, UK
  2. 2Child Health Research & Policy Unit, City University, London, UK
  1. Correspondence to:
 Dr L Arai
 Child Health Research and Policy Unit, Institute of Health Sciences, City University, 24 Chiswell Street, London EC1Y 4TY, UK;


Objective: To explore data on factors affecting implementation processes in papers contributing to a Cochrane systematic review (SR) of smoke alarm interventions, supplemented by further papers not included in the review.

Design: Screening for data on implementation on the basis of: (1) primary studies included in a Cochrane SR, (2) further papers relating to these and similar studies, and (3) approaches to authors of these and other relevant studies and reports.

Results: Relatively few data were found to help people seeking to implement smoke alarm promotion interventions.

Conclusions: For practitioners and policymakers to be able to build on research evidence, researchers and journal editors need to ensure that sufficient data are published, or are otherwise available to interested parties to move from understanding the evidence to using it.

  • qualitative
  • implementation
  • evidence
  • effectiveness
  • smoke detectors

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  • * In the United Kingdom, the Registrar General’s Classification of Occupations is one of the main means used to measure social class. Social Class I covers professional occupations and Social Class V unskilled manual occupations. Children are classified according to the occupation of the head of household, and social class is closely correlated with health outcomes, with a steep social class gradient in particular for injury as a cause of childhood mortality. (See OPCS (1991) Standard Occupational Classification Volume 3. London: HMSO.)

  • This research was funded by the Health Development Agency (UK)

  • The authors have no competing interests in relation to this paper.

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