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We were very interested in the comments of Nilsen et al on the “concept of safety” that appeared in a recent issue of Injury Prevention.1 The authors first address safety from a theoretical point of view, then from the perspective of intervention. A 1998 monograph about the concepts of “safety” and “safety promotion” are among the main sources cited by the authors.2 This monograph, an initiative of the World Health Organization (WHO), was prepared jointly by two WHO sponsored collaborating centers (Québec WHO Collaborating Center for Safety Promotion and Injury Prevention and WHO Collaborating Center on Community Safety Promotion, Karolinska Institute), and is available in .pdf format on the Institut national de santé publique du Québec’s website, in English, at http://www.inspq.qc.ca/pdf/publications/150_SecurityPromotion.pdf and in French at http://www.inspq.qc.ca/pdf/publications/149_SecuritePromotion.pdf. This document deals with the concepts of safety and of “safety promotion”. It offers a definition of safety promotion, and two distinct and complementary processes to promote its implementation: the problem based process and the setting based process. These two processes represent a “safety promotion approach”. An example illustrating this approach is presented at the end of the monograph. Over the past few years, two articles were published about this monograph in scientific journals.3,4