Table 1

Baseline characteristics

GirlsBoys
Baseline characteristicn=83n=66p Value
Age (mean (SD))7.62 (2.66)8.02 (2.60)0.36
Age groups (%) (years)0.87
 3–526 (31.3)18 (27.3)
 6–938 (45.8)32 (48.5)
 10–1419 (22.9)16 (24.2)
Child has had formal swim lessons (%)10 (12.0)6 (9.1)0.75
Child was exposed to ocean last 12 months (%)0.09
 None34 (41.0)39 (59.1)
 1–5 times43 (51.8)23 (34.8)
 6+6 (7.2)4 (6.1)
Child was exposed to lake last 12 months (%)0.09
 None24 (28.9)29 (43.9)
 1–5 times55 (66.3)32 (48.5)
 6+4 (4.8)5 (7.6)
How comfortable is child placing head under water? (%)0.45
 Very uncomfortable49 (59.0)42 (63.6)
 A little10 (12.0)6 (9.1)
 Neutral14 (16.9)14 (21.2)
 Somewhat4 (4.8)2 (3.0)
 Very comfortable6 (7.2)2 (3.0)
What is child's swim ability? (%)0.41
 Novice78 (94.0)59 (89.4)
 Intermediary5 (6.0)6 (9.1)
 Advanced0 (0.0)1 (1.5)
Sibling also participated in intervention (%)59 (71.1)54 (81.8)0.18
Baseline skill (mean (SD))13.00 (9.61)12.21 (8.98)0.61
Parent has fear of water (%)40 (48.2)42 (63.6)0.09
Parent has had formal swim lessons (%)7 (8.4)2 (3.0)0.30
Parent has skill and confidence to swim 25 yards unassisted (%)15 (18.1)6 (9.1)0.18
Parent has perceived skill and confidence in rescuing someone drowning (%)0.44
 Not at all46 (55.4)45 (68.2)
 Very little6 (7.2)5 (7.6)
 Neutral15 (18.1)10 (15.2)
 Somewhat3 (3.6)1 (1.5)
 Comfortable13 (15.7)5 (7.6)
Recruitment site0.54
 After school programme8 (9.6)12 (18.2)
 Community centre25 (30.1)19 (28.8)
 School 111 (13.3)11 (16.7)
 School 26 (7.2)2 (3.0)
 School 333 (39.8)22 (33.3)
Distance to intervention (mean (SD))0.97 (0.64)1.03 (0.68)0.57