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Speed cameras in an urban setting: a cost–benefit analysis
  1. Joan Mendivil1,
  2. Anna García-Altés1,2,
  3. Katherine Pérez1,2,
  4. Marc Marí-Dell'Olmo1,2,
  5. Aurelio Tobías3
  1. 1Agència de Salut Pública de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
  2. 2CIBER Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP), Barcelona, Spain
  3. 3Institute of Environmental Assessment and Water Research (IDAEA), Spanish Council for Scientific Research (CSIC), Barcelona, Spain
  1. Correspondence to Dr Anna García-Altés, Agència de Salut Pública de Barcelona, Plaça Lesseps 1, Barcelona 08023, Spain; annagarcia{at}post.harvard.edu

Abstract

Background To perform a cost–benefit analysis of the installation of speed cameras on the beltways of Barcelona.

Methods The analysis was performed from the society perspective over a 2-year period using a controlled before-and-after study design. The net benefit was calculated using, as benefits, the willingness to pay for the estimated number of people who avoided injury as a consequence of the intervention, subtracting costs and savings. Sensitivity analyses were performed using the maximum and minimum estimated number of people who avoided injury, assuming that there was a minimum of one death avoided, using the maximum value of a statistical life, assigning all implementation costs to the first year and assuming there was no time lost due to speed reduction.

Results Base case results showed a net benefit of €6.8 million. Sensitivity analyses suggested that net benefits could range from €5.6 to €23.1 million over 2 years.

Conclusions The use of speed cameras in urban areas has a favourable economic impact even when assessed using conservative assumptions.

  • Cost benefit analyses
  • traffic crashes
  • public health
  • economics

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Footnotes

  • An earlier version of this paper was presented at the 69th Health Economics Study Group Meeting. The discussion from this meeting had a considerable impact on the final manuscript.

  • Competing interests None.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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