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Inj Prev 6:189-194 doi:10.1136/ip.6.3.189
  • Original Article

Public opinion about guns in the home

  1. Arthur L Kellermann1,
  2. Dawna S Fuqua-Whitley1,
  3. Tomoko R Sampson1,
  4. Walter Lindenmann2
  1. 1Emory Center for Injury Control, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
  2. 2Ketchum Public Relations, New York
  1. Correspondence and reprint requests to:
 Dr Arthur L Kellermann, Emory Center for Injury Control Room 230, Rollins School of Public Health of Emory University, 1518 Clifton Road NE, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
 (email: akell01{at}sph.emory.edu)

    Abstract

    Objectives—(1) Determine the frequency of gun ownership, acquisition, and transfer; (2) assess gun storage practices; and (3) compare the views of firearm owning and non-owning adults regarding the protective value of keeping a gun in the home.

    Setting and methods—Over three different time periods (1995, 1996, and 1999) stratified, random digit telephone surveys were conducted in a five county area of metropolitan Atlanta, Georgia. Five hundred adults (aged 21+ years) responded to each survey.

    Results—The proportion of Atlanta area households reporting firearm ownership was generally stable over this interval (38%, 40%, and 35% respectively). The percentage of gun owning households containing a handgun (approximately 75%) was stable as well. In 1995, more than half of gun owning households kept one or more guns unlocked; since that time, the trend has been gradually downward. In 1995, 44% of gun owning respondents kept one or more guns loaded, compared with 38% in 1996 and 40% in 1999. A majority of respondents to all three surveys (55%) agreed with the statement “A home with a gun is less secure than a home without a gun, because a gun can be involved in an accidental shooting, suicide or family homicide”. Among five home security measures, respondents rated a burglar alarm most effective, and keeping a gun in the home least effective.

    Conclusions—In Atlanta, many households keep a firearm for protection, but they are ambivalent about the associated risks. These findings suggest that education about gun safety should include a discussion of the risks of unsafe storage, and non-lethal alternatives for home security.

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