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1016 From role of the searcher drowning victims lead to drowning preventing in the community, Nakhon Ratchasima Province, Thailand
  1. Chanchai Supawerakul1,
  2. Pisitpong Sirisupakul2,
  3. Buddha Dhamma Hook1,2
  1. 1Section Chief of Underwater Rescue
  2. 2Foundation’s Nakhon Ratchasima, Thailand

Abstract

Background Nakhon Ratchasima is on the northeastern of Thailand with a largest area of the country and population, is the 2nd from the capital, Bangkok Metropolitan. Mainly area is the agricultural area, the several rivers flows through includes the canals have many the drilled pools and water wells for the local agricultural. The number of the deaths from 2008–2013 were drowned in a most of the country averaged 200 persons a year (with population rate per a thousand equal to 6.4–9.3) in this number were the children lower aged 15 years, averaged 47 children a year, the underwater rescue of Huk 31 caused gather into a group of volunteers networking with mainly role to seek for the drowning victims and was operated according to seeking for the drowning victims task from 1993 until the current found that more than 1000 victims that was informed and seek in the water have not one to be survival and the crime scene often found that is the nature water will in the community thus was caused of concept to preventing from the origin rather than solve an end up of the problem that is mean have no chance to survive.

Methods To stimulate the participation of the community in the prevention of drowning.

Started operation since 2012 by taught the children and those interested learning about water safety, how to survive by floating in the water and use the easily floating devices (Empty plastic bottles) that assists to buoyancy themselves and how to help the others from drowning in correctly by offered free course 1 time a month and build up the team networking of the community to surveying the risk water wills includes operate to manage the risk water wills in the community in Loy Krathong Festival and Songkran Festival by installed the warning Signs, fitting drowning rescue instruments too easily finding such as plastic gallons, filing beams, ropes, for the purpose that operating and instruments which using were from corporation of the public in the community and donation from the private sectors.

Results After operated, the student of Primary Education Level 1–6 trained practical part of 6,114 students, to be the instruction volunteers networking of 606 volunteers, offered free survival method from drowning 1 time a month totally of 35 times with the children, the guardians, the interested public of 350 persons, arranged the risk water will by the preventing the children from drowning networking of 90 water wills and operated covers the sub-districts of 32 districts of Nakhon Ratchasima Province furthermore found that notification to seeking the drowning victims was decreased.

Conclusions Drowning is preventable by the role of the searcher drowning victims that lead to drowning preventing in the community with operations in simple measures focused skills training for the children, creating the volunteers networking, manage the risk water wills under participation of the community It increases the chances of survival from drowning for the children in Nakhon Ratchasima Province.

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