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988 Intimate partner violence and networking: what role for health services? Strategy in Coimbra
  1. João Redondo1,
  2. Anabela Fazendeiro2,
  3. Teresa Bombas3,
  4. Eduardo Castela4,
  5. António Veiga5,
  6. Filipa Pereira6,
  7. Odete Mendes7,
  8. Madalena Alarcão8,
  9. António Monteiro9,
  10. Henrique Armindo10,
  11. Paula Garcia11,
  12. Isabel Morais12,
  13. Emilia Batista13,
  14. Fátima Mota14,
  15. Natália Cardoso15,
  16. Vânia Sarmento16,17,
  17. Rosário Lemos,
  18. Sara Rosado6,
  19. Generosa Morais1,
  20. Ana Correia1,
  21. Dulce Carvalho1,
  22. Lurdes Teixeira1,
  23. Ana Dourado1,
  24. Salomé Caldeira1,
  25. António Jorge1
  1. 1Centre for Prevention and Treatment of Psychological Trauma (CPTTP), Department of Psychiatry, Coimbra University Hospital Centre (CHUC), Portugal
  2. 2Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Service, CHUC, Portugal
  3. 3Obstetrics Service A, CHUC, Portugal
  4. 4Telemedicine, CHUC, Portugal
  5. 5Emergency Department,CHUC, Portugal
  6. 6National Institute of Medical Emergency (INEM), Portugal
  7. 7Primary Health Care, Regional Health Administration of the Centre Region (ARSC), Portugal
  8. 8Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences of the University of Coimbra, Portugal
  9. 9Public Security Police (PSP) of Coimbra, Portugal
  10. 10National Guard (GNR), Coimbra, Portugal
  11. 11Department for Investigation and Penal Action (DIAP), Portugal
  12. 12Coimbra Group of Schools West, Portugal
  13. 13District Centre of Solidarity and Social Security of the District of Coimbra, Portugal
  14. 14Bissaya Barreto Foundation (FBB), Portugal
  15. 15Office of Victim Support Coimbra, APAV, Portugal
  16. 16Commission for the Protection of Children and Youth of Coimbra (CPCJ), Portuga
  17. 17Center Delegation of the National Institute of Legal Medicine and Forensic Sciences, Portugal

Abstract

Background Violence by intimate partners (IPV) can be prevented and its impact reduced. This calls for to deal with violence from a public health perspective, according the ecological model, associated to a multidisciplinary and multisectoral networking approach. In Coimbra various sectors are working together from 2000, in tackling the problem of IPV. Health sector is an active and valuable ally in the global response to violence and brings a variety of advantages and assets to this work, from primary to terciary prevention, including programs for victims and perpetrators.

Description of the problem IPV is a serious problem that occurs in all countries, among heterosexual or same-sex couples. The consequences are profound, extending beyond the health and happiness of individuals to affect the well-being of entire communities.

Results Our strategies are addressed to prevention (al all levels). We deal with violence taking steps to understand the range of factors that put people at risk for violence and protect them from experiencing or perpetrating violence. Our fundamental goal is to stop IPV before it begins. Networks “Violence´s Group: Information, Research, Intervention” (2002), “School Against Violence” (2007), along with the training of 480 professionals (health, other sectors) in our region (2009–2012), in the area of prevention of IPV, are examples of our networking strategy. The Family Violence Unit, UVF (2004) - CHUC, integrates both networks; of the 1400 cases (2/3 women, 1/3 men) at UVF, we did not record any murder to date. Our strategy is recognised at regional and national levels.

Conclusions We believe that prevent efforts associated to investigation and a networking strategy (from micro to macrosystem, throughout the life cycle), at individual, family, community, and political levels, are one of the keys to prevent IPV.

  • Intimate partner violence
  • public health perspective
  • prevention
  • networking

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