Background In 2010 more than half of road traffic injury (RTI) deaths occurred to pedestrians, bicyclists and motorcyclists defined as vulnerable road users (VRUs). Lower middle income countries account for the highest proportion of VRU deaths. The distribution of RTI burden by road user type in children globally, regionally and by income levels is unclear. To investigate country-level changes over time in global child RTI deaths among VRUs and non-VRUs with respect to region, economy between 1990 and 2013
Methods Country-level data were extracted from the Global Burden of Disease study, split into seven geographical regions and four income levels (low-income [LICs], lower-middle [LMICs], upper-middle [UMICs] and high-income [HICs]). Death rates and percent change in rates between 1990 and 2013 were calculated for road users aggregated, and independently for VRUs and non-VRUs.
Results Child RTI death rates decreased globally, by region and across all country economic categories between 1990 and 2013 (a global average of 32% reduction in RTI death rates from 1990 to 2013 and a range of 28% (LICs)−54%(HICs). Reductions were also found for both VRUs (35%) and non-VRUs (25%) except in LICs where a 16% increase arose among non–VRUs. This applies particularly to those LICs from South Asia (26%). Death rates of VRUs (35%) in the LMICs of Sub –Saharan Africa also reported increments. For VRUs, the decrease was more than twice higher in HICs (58%) and LICs (44%) compared to UMICs (20%) or LMICs (23%).
Conclusions The distribution of RTI death varies across different economic categories and regions of the world by road user type.
- Road traffic injury
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