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841 Human behaviour in the fire cases
  1. Tuula Kekki
  1. The Finnish National Rescue Association, Finland

Abstract

Background Most of fires are caused by human activity: by accident or deliberately. People may handle incautiously electronical equipment, fire place, grill or other burning element, like matches, ash or cigarettes. They might set a fire too near the buildings, use too much charcoal lighter fluid or forgot to suppress the fire carefully. Population surveys shows that almost every responders have smoke alarm. The experience and daily observation of fire fighters this is not true especially in the cases where inhabitant has injured or dead.

Methods Data consist of the electronic resource and accident statistics system (PRONTO) of the Emergency Services and interviews of the representatives of the Rescue Services.

Results This research will start in spring 2016. Research is concentrating on human action which leads in catching fires and how people are behaving in the case on fire. More specific, the research will find out what are the most general causes of fires and what situations and circumstances are most potential for fire-related accidents.

More detailed analysis will be made on fires caused by minors, immigrants, older people and patients of institutional care. It’s also interesting to investigate the circumstances where persons have injured or dead – why they didn’t manage to suppress the fire or escape from the burning space.

Conclusions Results will benefit many authors as well researchers and planner officers to develop different safety campaigns, improve safety culture and housing safety.

  • Fire
  • accident
  • ignition
  • suppression skills
  • elderly

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