Background Disability after burn injury is not assessed in the context of Pakistan. This study assesses disability among adult burn injury patients presenting to a burn unit in Karachi, Pakistan.
Methods This longitudinal study was conducted at a burn centre is Karachi, Pakistan. Adult patients(>18 years) who were discharge after 24-hour admission were enrolled from August 2014–March 2015. Baseline assessment before discharge and follow-up at 2,6 and 12 weeks after discharge via telephone was done using 12-item WHODAS 2.0 (5 -point likert-scale; 1 = none; 2 = mild; 3 = moderate; 4 = severe; and 5 = extreme) related to cognition, mobility, self-care, getting along, life activities and participation. The score range was 12–60 with higher score being worse. Ethical approval was taken from collaborating and participating sites.
Results Of the 59 eligible patients, 53 completed all follow-ups. There were 69.8% males. Mean age of all patients was 36.8 ± 14.0 years, 71.7% were married and 17.0% had no/informal education. About half the patients were breadwinners. More than half of burn incidents occurred at home. Flame burns (50.9%) and scalds (17%) were the most common type of burns. The average surface area burnt was 43.0 ± 14.2%. The mean-scores for all patients at baseline, 2-week, 6-week and 12-week were 13.9 ± 4.9, 35.3 ± 13.8, 26.8 ± 11.9 and 20.1 ± 9.1, respectively. The mean-scores for males were lower than that of females for the four assessments (Males: 13.5 ± 1.8, 34.2 ± 14.1, 25.3 ± 10.7, 19.2 ± 8.4 and females: 16.1 ± 8.5, 37.3 ± 13.3, 30.5 ± 14.4, 22.1 ± 10.6). The two-week score was higher for those with >15% burn(36.7 ± 13.9) compared to those with ≤15% burn(34.6 ± 14.2) while the score were similar at 12-week follow-up.
Conclusions This analysis shows that the burn injury patients tend to recover from their injury over a period of 12 weeks after discharge. Future work should focus on larger group of patients and long term follow-up at one and two years after burn injury.
- burn injury
- burn centre
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