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66 Suicide attempt in mexican youth: an opportunity for prevention
  1. Rosario Valdez-Santiago1,
  2. Elisa Hidalgo-Solorzano1,
  3. Mariana Mojarro-Íñiguez2,
  4. Leticia Avila-Burgos1,
  5. Hugo Leonardo Gomez Hernandez1
  1. 1National Institute of Public Health of Mexico
  2. 2Independent Researcher, Mexico

Abstract

Background Suicide is the second leading cause of death globally between 15–29 years of age. For every suicide there are many more people who attempt suicide every year. Significantly, a prior suicide attempt is the single most important risk factor for suicide in the general population. In Mexico suicide attempt has been on the raisin.

Methods The method was a secondary analysis gathered from the National Survey of Health and Nutrition (2012), in which youth between 10–19 years of age (n = 22,131,741) who reported suicide attempt were analysed by using a logistic regression model.

Results The prevalence of suicide attempt was 2.7% and was significantly higher in women than in men (4.6% vs. 0.9%), 65% used sharp objects, while 26% and 5% drug poisoning and hanging, respectively. Almost 19% reported requiring medical and/or psychiatric services. 28% of the states of Mexico report prevalences betwen 3.5–5.2%.Variables statistically significant in the model were: age in years (ORA = 7.57; 95% CI: = 4.73–12.10), quadratic age (ORA = 0.93; 95% CI: = .92 to .94), schooling in years (OR = 0.90; 95% CI: = 0.85 to 0.95), women (ORA = 6.3; 95% CI: = 4.94–8.06], social security (ORA = 0.80; 95% CI: = 0.65 to 0.98] not currently drinking alcohol (ORA = 2.25; 95% CI: = 1.74–2.91) and currently (ORA = 2.29; 95% CI: = 1.74–3.01), not currently smoking tabacco (ORA = 2.72; 95% CI: = 2.11–3.51) and currently (ORA = 3.26 95% CI: = 2.48–4.27), health damage due to interpersonal violence (ORA = 4.35; 95% CI: = 3.27–5.80), having a mild (ORA = 1.50; 95% CI: = 1.12–2.01) and moderate eating disorder (ORA = 4.22; 95% CI: = 3.21–5.54) and being a second degree relative (grandson, nephew, etc) (ORA = 1.42; 95% CI: = 1.50–1.77).

Conclusions The variables related to suicide attempt are those related to social factors, psychiatric disorders and violence. Studies in Mexico report that a high percentage of adolescents with suicide attemptes have psychiatric disorder. It is urgent to have a better diagnostic and treatment of these disorders.

  • suicide attempt
  • Mexican youth
  • suicide
  • risk factors

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