Article Text

PDF

Work-related assault against educators with a history of violence victimisation
  1. N M Nachreiner*,
  2. S G Gerberich,
  3. A D Ryan,
  4. S Erkal,
  5. T R Church,
  6. P M McGovern,
  7. S J Mongin,
  8. D M Feda
  1. Correspondence University of Minnesota, 420 Delaware St. SE MMC 807 Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA

Abstract

Work-related violence is consistently ranked among the leading causes of occupational death in the USA. In addition, approximately 2 million non-fatal work-related assaults are reported annually. A case-control study design was used to investigate risks of work-related physical assault (PA) associated with a history of violent victimisation among educators. A total of 6469 state-licensed educators (Kindergarten Grade 12) worked in the previous 12 months and were eligible to participate. Exposure data were collected from cases (reporting a PA event in previous 12 months, n=290) for the month before PA, and from controls (no work-related PA in previous 12 months; n=867) for a randomly selected working month. Potential confounders were identified for multivariable logistic regression from directed acyclic graphs; re-weighting adjusted for potential biases. OR and 95% CI identified increased risks for educators with any prior history of work-related (17.3, 11.4 to 26.3) or non-work-related PA (2.0, 1.2 to 3.5). In addition, PA risk in the previous 12 months increased with the number of previous victimisations. Using zero prior work-related PA as a reference, risks increased for those with number of prior events: 1–3 (15.0, 9.7 to 23.1); 4–10 (21.5, 10.5 to 44.2); and more than 10 (43.7, 17.1 to 111.3). Risk also increased for those with non-work-related PA prior events: 1–3 (1.8, 1.0 to 3.1) and 4 or more (7.8, 1.7 to 36.7). In addition, risks also increased for educators with histories of non-physical violence (threats, sexual harassment, verbal abuse, bullying) – both work- and non work-related. The results present a compelling case for targeted interventions and further research.

Statistics from Altmetric.com

Request permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.