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Impact of a community based fire prevention intervention on fire safety knowledge and behavior in elementary school children
  1. V Hwang1,*,
  2. G P Duchossois2,
  3. J F Garcia-Espana3,
  4. D R Durbin4
  1. 1Department of Emergency Medicine, INOVA Fairfax Hospital Falls Church, VA, USA
  2. 2SAFEKIDS Coalition of Southeastern Pennsylvania, The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA, USA
  3. 3TraumaLink, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
  4. 4Division of Emergency Medicine, The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, The Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
  1. Correspondence to:
 Dr V Hwang
 INOVA Fairfax Hospital Department of Emergency Medicine, 3300 Gallows Road, Falls Church, VA 22042, USA; vivhwang{at}cox.net

Abstract

The objective of this study was to determine the impact of a community based fire prevention intervention directed only to parents on the fire safety knowledge and behavior in elementary school children. This was a prospective, quasi-randomized controlled study in which third and fourth grade students from two elementary schools in an urban, poor, minority community completed knowledge/behavior surveys at baseline and following completion of the intervention. The intervention group received an in-home visit from fire department personnel who installed free lithium smoke detectors and provided a fire escape plan. After accounting for a small difference in baseline summary scores of knowledge and behavior between the control and intervention groups, this study found a modest improvement in fire safety behavior among children whose families received a fire prevention intervention reflecting a change in household fire safety practices. However, there was no significant change in fire safety knowledge.

  • fire intervention
  • fire safety knowledge
  • fire safety behavior
  • elementary school children

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Footnotes

  • * This work was performed while Dr Hwang was a fellow in Pediatric Emergency Medicine at The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia.

  • This study was funded by National SAFE KIDS Campaign in partnership with the United States Fire Administration and the Federal Emergency Management Agency.

  • Competing interests: none.

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